Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) for Agriculture
Indigenous technical / traditional knowledge in the community, area and local culture. A source for our ancestors who learned the techniques from their previous experiences and experiments.
These vary from place to place, and the information is disseminated through folk songs, stories, and scriptures.
Location information - information that is different from a particular culture or community. It opposes the international information system produced by universities, research institutes and private firms. It is the basis for decision-making at the local level in agriculture, health care, food preparation, natural resource management in education and a host of other activities in rural communities.
It is a public knowledge base, which helps to communicate and make decisions.
‘Geographically’, as it is rooted in a particular community and is found within a wide range of cultures. It is a collection of experiences produced by people living in those communities.
Superior to others
• It has a large role and scope
• Avoid chemicals that build up and keep the soil alive.
• Stability pressure
• Provides opportunities for organic farming
• Practices before planting
• Soil and water conservation
• Pest and disease control
• Post-harvest management
• Keep a quiet place.
• No pesticide costs.
• No health risks.
• No pollution occurs.
• Low labor costs.
• Use of local materials.
• ITK is easy to use and meets dependencies. So people in the community can easily solve their problems.
• Most ITKs have a scientific value. ITK may be used for scientific research.
• It operates differently and is linked to agriculture and involves the use of low cost.
• ITK is environmentally friendly in the agricultural system.
• Specific ITK assists the expansion worker to measure the depth of knowledge.
• Information is made locally and is specific. So ITK helps the farmer to make his own decisions.
• ITK is passed down orally from generation to generation. Errors will inevitably creep into ITK if there is no proper documentation.
• Most ITK is passed on to members of the public through proverbs, folklore, and folk songs. Most of the time a member can't easily remember them.
• The scientific community does not accept them because most of them have no scientific meaning.
• ITK fails to deliver on scientific intelligence and that is why Modern Technology is losing a lot of ITK.
A conceptual framework for integrating indigenous knowledge systems into agricultural research and extension has been established with the following notable elements, keeping in mind these possible limitations in conventional technology transfer:
1. enhancing regional research and extension institutions' capabilities.
2. Building on the knowledge of the local population that has been obtained via different methods, such as farmer experimentation and farmer-to-farmer contact.
3. Determining the requirement for a social or extension scientist in an interdisciplinary regional research group.
4. Establishment of a cooperative for the development of sustainable technologies to bring together NGOs, extension personnel, and researchers who collaborated before the process of technological advancement.
5. Generating technological possibilities as opposed to predetermined technical solutions.
• Trees and plants that grow well together
• Index of plants
2. Practices and technologies
• Seed treatment and storage
• Available setting methods
• Treatment of diseases
• Beliefs can play an important role in people's lives and in maintaining their health and environment.
• Sacred forests are protected for religious reasons.
• Planting and harvesting equipment
• Cooking pots and starters
5. Building materials
• Building materials
• Basket building materials and other craft industries
• Farmers' integration of new tree species into the existing farming system
• Monthly testing of new remedies
7. Biological resources
• Species of animals
• Local plants and tree species
8. Human resources
• Specialized as a therapist and metalworker
• A local organization such as a group of relatives, bodies of elders, or groups participating and exchanging activities.
• Traditional teaching methods
• Vocational training
• Learning to recognize.
Some good procedures
Cow dung - 5 kg
Cow urine - 5L
Cow's milk - 1 l
Flour - 250 g
Water - 100L
How to use: Sprinkle seeds before sowing as a seed treatment.
Scientifically verified by: TNAU, Coimbatore and CSKHPKV, Palampur
Cow urine - 100L
Cow dung - 100-200kg
Flour - 500 g
water - 300 L
Stored for 10 days (Fermentation)
How to apply (Cleaned 20 times before use)
• By drip irrigation
• Sprinkle with leaves
• Feed the soil with microorganisms so that the residue decomposes quickly.
Scientifically proven by: University of Stellenbosch, South Africa