What is precision agriculture?
Precision means accuracy or exactness while agriculture implies the art and science of farming.
Thus precision agriculture as a whole stands towards the art and science of farming making maximum utilization of optimum resources by making accurate land predictions.
It is also known as satellite agriculture, as it needs both farmings in addition to having a hold on site-specific management of crops.
Inputs such as water, fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides are given according to field requirements to the targeted areas thus making the least possible use of resources.
It's about doing the right thing, in the right place, in the right way, and at the right time. (4R)
Why precision agriculture?
Different parts of the field are different. The variation arises in soil, slope, light etc., thus we, in precision agriculture, take account of these variations and adopt operations accordingly. Moreover don’t you think that we need to adopt some technique for minimizing our input costs as well as making the best utilization of our labor and time?
Probably we need. That is what precision farming provides us with. It helps ensure maximum profit with optimum spending of resources or inputs.
We need it in order to
Efficient use of resource
Reducing production cost by making judicious use of resources
Uplifting socio-economic status of farmers
Makes the environment suffer less
Effective use of technology
Reduction of human resource fatigue
Beneficial to soil health
Accumulation of farmers' knowledge for better management with time.
Ensures site-specific management
Techniques related to precision agriculture
Various techniques related to precision agriculture are as follows
Remote sensing – refers to the use of satellites in order to gather information about anything without making physical touch.
Crop scouting – it is the process used to detect the level of pest infestations and take the steps accordingly to prevent the crops from getting damaged.
Variable-rate technology – it allows the application of inputs such as water, fertilizer, lime, etc. at different rates according to zone requirement preventing the blanket application of resources.
Geographic information system – it is a sort of database having geographic data along with software tools facilitating management and visualization of the data.
Global positioning system – U.S. based system used for positioning, navigation, and timing commonly called PNT.
Yield monitoring and mapping – it monitors the crop yield on a field to field or load to load basis and gives the idea of best resource utilization.
Requirements for precision agriculture
It relies on new technology like GPS, IT, Satellite imagery, control systems, sensors, robotics, drones, autonomous vehicles, sensors, automated hardware, telematics, and software along with basics like tractors, combines, sprayers, diggers, planters, etc.
For instance sensors such as soil sensors (provides us with information of soil texture, soil organic matter, soil moisture, soil pH, nutrient status of soil, soil compaction, etc.) plant sensors (providing information of biomass, level of nutrient deficiency, weed population, water stress, etc.) are used.
How does it work?
Satellites and robotic drones help in providing the images of individual plants, the information obtained is accompanied by sensors and other data helps in implementing correct immediate and future plans. The area requiring a particular resource is met by that resource rather than applying it to the whole field thus saving your money, resource, and time.
Limitations to precision agriculture
For a farmer setting up the necessary setup may be difficult.
Keeping an eye on every corner on regular basis particularly for large lands is lethargic.
Internet issues may pose a problem.
Dependent on weather conditions.
Heavy energy requirements.
In the case of technology downtime losses can be faced.
Thus, there is a need to look after these issues, get them resolved, and make this very effective means of farming more convenient.
Where to find these equipments
Equipment of Agriculture Machinery can be bought from various traders mentioning one from every State:-
Jain Auto and Machinery Store, Avas Vikas Colony, Uttar Pradesh, India (available all days from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m.).
Guru kirpa farm Equipments, kiccha Road, Rudrapur, Uttarakhand ( 9 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.)
Gursukh Agro Works, Samrala, Punjab ( 24 hours available)
Dhariwal Agro Industries, Jind, Haryana (24 hours)
JOHN DEERE Tractor showroom, Jamui, Bihar ( 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.)
Harshana Enterprises, Net, Himachal Pradesh (9 a.m. to 7 p.m.)
Techno Tracking Solution, Kolkata, West Bengal ( 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.)
Varahi Enterprise – Tractor Loader, Trailer, Manufacturer, Tractor Dozer, Backhoe, Loader Dealer, Ahmedabad, Gujarat (10 a.m. to 6 p.m.)
Vtswale.com (Gps Solution), Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh (10:30 a.m. to 7 p.m.)
Hemal Electronics, Mumbai, Maharashtra ( 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.)
Trackmyunit GPS, Mangalam Gordan Sky Mall, Jaipur, Rajasthan ( 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.)
Avon Tractor & Bearing, Raipur, Chattisgarh ( 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.)
Johndeere depot , Tikratoli, Jharkhand ( 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.)
Earthtrack, Bhubaneswar, Orissa (24 hrs.)
Protech, Hyderabad, Telangana (24 hrs.)
Haven Technology Solutions, Amravati, Andhra Pradesh (9 a.m. to 8: 30 pm.)
Pegado Electricals, Panaji, Goa (9 a.m. to 8 p.m.)
VST TILLERS TRACTORS LTD, Bengaluru, Karnataka ( 7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.)
Rank Engineering, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (9 a.m. to 6 p.m.)
Grün Agro Ventures Pvt. Ltd, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala (24 hrs.)
John Deere Tractor, Guwahati, Assam (8 a.m. to 8 p.m.)
John Deere, Imphal, Manipur (8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.)
1up Peripherlas, Aizawl, Mizoram (9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m.)
Eastern Computer Agencies, Kohima, Nagaland (9 a.m. to 5 p.m.)
M/s North East Enterprise, Shillong, Meghalaya (9 a.m. to 7 p.m.)
Enovative Solution, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh (9: 30 a.m. to 6 :30 p.m.)
SuperSecureSystem, Agartala, Tripura (9:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.)
SIKKIM SALES AGENCY, Gangtok, Sikkim
These equipment could also be purchased online from various sources suggesting one https://m.indiamart.com/city/ahmedabad/tractor-mounted-sprayers.html
For online marketing stores like Amazon, Indiamart, kisan suvidha app, etc.