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An Expensive Product from Insect BLOG|SHURUWAAT AGRI

Updated: Aug 17, 2021

silk , shuruwaatagri

In Sericulture, silkworms are reared on various trees according to their nature and eating habits to yield silk from their cocoon stage of the life cycle.#sericulture #sericulturemeaning #sericultureadvantages #sericulturecurrentstatus #sericulturefutureprospect

life cycle of silkworm ring of silkworm silkworm secrete fiber made of silkworm meaning in Hindi what is silkworm picture of silkworm scientific name of silkworm #silkfibre #silkfabric #silk fibres are made of


  • Types of Silk & obtained from the silkworm

1. Mulberry silk

2. Tasar silk

3. Munga silk

4. Eri silk

  • Current Status of sericulture in India

  • Future prospects of sericulture in India

  • Disadvantages of sericulture

  • Conclusion


•MULBERRY SILK: This silk is produced by the caterpillar of Bombyx mori and eats mulberry leaves. The quality of silk is superior due to its shining and creamy white color.

mulberry silkworm , shuruwaatagri

TASAR SILK: This silk is produced by caterpillars of Antheraeamylitta, A. paphia, A.proyeli, etc. They eat leaves of Arjun, Sal, Oak, and Asan. Their silk is coppery in color.

Tasar silkworm , Shuruwaatagri

MUNGA SILK: This silk is produced by the caterpillar of Antheraea assume. They eat Som, Champa, and Moyankuri leaves.

Munga silk , shuruwaatagri

ERI SILK: This silk is produced by the caterpillar of Attacus Ticino. They eat castor leaves.

Eri silkbutterfly , shuruwaatagri

[NOTE: How these different types of silk can be produced at your farm, will further be discussed in upcoming blogs…be in touch.]


India ranks 3rd in the production of silk and produces 2969 tonnes of silk per year. In India major silk-producing areas are Assam, Madras, Punjab, Bengal, Karnataka, etc.

Bihar has the oldest setup of the silk industry and produces all varieties of silk except Munga silk.

An interest in Sericulture in India is protected by the “central silk board” running under the Union Ministry of Trade and Commerce.

The rearing of silkworms nowadays is carried on by villagers and tribal people on a large scale.

The Indian Silk Promotion Council ( ISEPC) organize a fair and show to promote the trade of silk with other countries.


•In India, sericulture provides gainful employment to weaker and marginal sections.

It is the best-suited work for women's empowerment. Export of silk sarees, silk carpet, fabrics, yarns to Europe and the U.S. in large volume from India.

So, efforts are made to promote exports and increase employment opportunities.

These efforts are:

· Enhance the production of high-yielding varieties of mulberry.

· Enhance the production of bivoltine silk through proper incentives like tropical breed involution.

· Enhancing the productivity of the cocoon.

· Price must be quality-based.

· Increase non-mulberry silk production.



· Low gestation, high return: Mulberry trees become supportable for sericulture in just 6 months. Once it is planted, silkworm rearing can be done for 15-20 years and a farmer can attain a net estimated income level up to Rs. 30,000 per acre per annum.

· High employment potential: Silkworm rearing provide employment to rural people. In recent times, about 60 lakhs people are employed under sericulture activities as it involves manual labor.

· Eco-friendly in nature: Sericulture is purely eco-friendly as it provides green cover and silkworm waste can be used in garden manure. Intercropping can also be done along with silkworm rearing.

· Support women employment occupation: Women are proficient in the management of gardens, harvesting, etc. They do it in a better way as compared to men.#ilovesericulture


· Silk produced is costlier.

· Working under poorly ventilated rooms and unfavorable conditions affects workers, may suffer from various respiratory problems.


Sericulture is a supporting system for those who are employed in this small-scale farming sector. The international and domestic market is considerably higher in its perspective. Increasing areas under mulberry to produce cocoon and silk to maximize the income and reduce the cost of production. Other techniques are going to be introduced in this field so that it will be in favor of farmers in near future.

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