• How to start a business in this?
• Shrimp farming systems
• Soil type needed
• Design and management of pond
• Harvesting and storage
Shrimp farming is a type of aquaculture, in which shrimp are farmed in the sea or freshwater environment for consumption. There are about 2,000 species of shrimp or shrimp worldwide. They come in different colors, shapes, and sizes. There is one type of shrimp called cleaner shrimp, which helps clean the fish because some parasites are present in the fish’s body to clean the fish. Shrimp have a shell instead of a skeleton. Shrimp or shrimp has two stages: the egg stage and the adult stage. After two weeks, the shrimp will attach to the plankton and eat only there. Many farmers are now farming shrimp because they are very lucrative and ready to be sold in a short period of time. Along with India, demand for shrimp is growing in other countries as well. So it's a much better way to make money. It also creates jobs for local residents.
How to start a business?
•To sell shrimp, obtain the appropriate license as laws vary by region and activity.
•Prepare the pond in an area free from flooding and other problems.
•Buy valuable shrimp species from hatcheries.
•Proper knowledge, skill, and service training are paramount in shrimp farming.
•Feed only when the size of the shrimp is 5 g.
Shrimp farming systems
Four types of shrimp farming are practiced in all countries: •Extended system/traditional system: In this system, the pond has an irregular shape, size 1.5ha, width 4-10m, depth 40-80cm and the bottom is not level. Fill with water, add some natural seeds and leave for 60-90 days. You need a stocking density of 0.5- 5 pcs/m2. •Quasi crystal system: The size of the pond of this system is 1-1.5 hectares and the depth is 1-1.5 meters away. Shrimps are collected after 120 days after rotation. The size of the concentrated system pond is generally 0.5-1 hectares and the depth is 1.5-2m. The density of stockings requires 25-60 PL / M2 as powerful aeration maintenance. •Open System: This system requires a regular high-quality water supply to reduce the density of the Plankton. This system is at a disadvantage for farmers as it is susceptible to disease.
Soil type needed
Since shrimp spend most of their time in the soil at the bottom of the pond, choosing the soil type is an important part of shrimp farming. Therefore, clay or loam containing 90% clay and a pH of 6.5-8.5 is usually required. Avoid sandy soils as they are porous and can cause erosion and waste intrusion. During the construction and preparation of the pond, soil samples should be taken from 5-10 points on the surface for pH and tissue analysis. The soil containing acidic sulfate is not suitable for the culture of the shrimp pond due to the low density of the token, and the high acidity of the shrimp pond can be developed, and then the flood can cause the complexity of pH stabilization.
Design and management of pond
The design of the pond must be designed and manufactured depending on the selected location and the economic status of this area. There is no unique design. Pond control is because prior to preliminaries, it is necessary to remove excessive waste before the previous harvest, so the inappropriate growth and production capacity reduction of shrimp may occur. The cleaning pond can be made in three ways: •Dry method- In a dry way, the pond is completely dry and dependent on the sun for 10-30 days. The waste is then removed mechanically or manually and water is poured. •Wet method- In this, the ponds do not drain completely, but water is pressurized to flush out waste. •Liming- After this, the liming pond has been cleaned and filled with water, it is recommended to use agricultural lime (CaCO3) to keep the pond’s pH neutral. The amount of lime should be 100 kg/ha/day. After liming, animals and predators such as fish, crustaceans, and snails can enter the pond and cause disease in shrimp. So, to get rid of these predators, you need to use the right chemicals for your pond. Fish can be killed using 20-30 ppm of tea powder and snails can be reared using 530 kg/ha of quicklime (CaO). For plankton to thrive, ponds need to be fertilized with organic or inorganic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers such as dried chicken can be used at 200-300kg/ha. Inorganic fertilizer can be applied at 20-30 kg/ha in the N:P: K (16:16:16) combination. After fertilization, the plankton bloom, and the water turns green.
The most suitable shrimp species to be farmed in stocking India are the Indian white shrimp (Penaeus indicus) and the tiger shrimp (P. monodon). Planting density depends on the species selected and the system adopted for growth.
Appropriate seeds must be selected for stockpiling in the pond, and the farmer must select healthy seeds from the hatchery to produce the desired shrimp. Parameters to consider when selecting are size, shape, color, behavior, absence of pathogens, and external contamination.
Recommended nutrients for better growth and development of shrimp include protein, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.
Harvesting and storage
Shrimp must be harvested in a short period of time and in good condition for a successful harvest. Harvesting can be done by completely draining the pond through a net or by handpicking the shrimp. The aquaculture period will take 120-130 days for shrimp to grow by 20-30. Harvested shrimp can be stored between ice cubes until delivered to the market. Shrimp catches also depend on market prices. #shrimpfarminginindia #shrimpfarmingstorage #shrimpproduction
Today, shrimp farming is a lucrative business. West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, and Gujarat are involved in shrimp production. Shrimp are consumed all over the world. It is the most famous of all the seafood. It contains many nutrients essential for our body. Shrimp is mainly rich in Omega-3. But overconsumption may lead to harmful effects on health. So limited consumption is good.